Restored 1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan / Photos, Specs

Featured in this article is a nicely restored 1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan. Buick, having established itself as a luxury brand within General Motors, touted the comforts and quality of construction of this five passenger automobile with it's advertising and marketing.

1922 buick sedan

1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan

Buick Offered Style, Comfort, Quality and Performance

Buick targeted this sedan model to those buyers who preferred a closed-in quality automobile with extra room. Enough room to comfortably seat five people as demonstrated by it's extra wide front seat. As a side note, Buick also produced a roomy seven passenger sedan during the 1922 model year. The 1922 Buick Five passenger Sedan also provided tastefully chosen carpet, shades and other interior trimmings.

In an advertisement appearing in a 1929 issue of Ladies Home Journal, Buick claimed that more female drivers preferred Buick over it's competition because it offered not only better dependability but also the ultimate in comfort and a smooth ride. To quote a statement within the ad..." Buick offers the highest standard of motoring comfort ever attained; and this is one vital reason why more women drive Buicks than any other fine car".

buick five passenger sedanThe Early 1920's Auto Industry

The Buick Motor Car Company was founded in 1903 by Scottish industrialist David Dunbar Buick. It was headquartered in Flint, Michigan. Not long after Buick arrived on the scene it was acquired at the beginning of General Motors.

Things were going quite well for automakers during the early 1920's. After a recession in 1920 the economy picked up. Efficient production methods advanced allowing car prices to actually come down.

Beginning in 1925, all Buick models were equipped with six cylinder engines. Buick also is known as the first American automaker to introduce four wheel brakes on mass production models during the 1920's. Another interesting note regarding Buick history is that the 1911 Buick was the first built as a completely enclosed American automobile. Buick beat Ford to this milestone achievement.

1922 Buick Sedan Specifications

The 1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan was built with a 242 Cubic Inch Inline Six Cylinder engine providing 35 HP.

Power came to the rear wheels via a three speed manual gearbox.

Wheelbase was 118.0 inches. Shipping weight was 3,425 lbs.

New car price for this model in 1922 was about $1,550. Total model production for 1922 was 4,878 units.

The car's serial number is stamped on an oval plate attached to the left side of the frame near the gas tank. Look for the engine number on the upper left side of engine near the carburetor.

See the additional Auto Museum Online articles on the links below...

A Very Rare 1929 Stearns-Knight Luxury Automobile

A Nicely Restored 1940 LaSalle

Locations of Serial Numbers on Classic and Vintage Automobiles

Excellent reading material regarding Buick cars and their history include…The Buick: A Complete History (90th Anniversary Edition) by authors Terry B. Dunham and Lawrence R. Gustin. Also, David Buick’s Marvelous Motor Car: The Men and the Automobile that Launched General Motors (Updated 2013) by author Lawrence R. Gustin.

1922 nuick six cyliner sedan

Large interior both front and back

1920's Buick Collector Cars

Classic and vintage Buick’s have always been popular collector automobiles. Buick’s had a history of good quality and creative designing.

Current valuations for the 1922 Buick Six Cylinder Sedan are in the mid $20,000 range, some higher.  This is for a finely restored model.

Buick produced both four and six cylinder powered automobiles in 1922. The four cylinder Series 30 models appear to have sold at about ten to twenty percent higher than the six cylinder versions.

buick five passenger dashboard

Dashboard on the 22 Buick Sedan

There are also several Buick clubs which work to preserve their classic and vintage vehicles. They include the Buick Club of America with several chapters, the 1929 Silver Anniversary Buick Club, the Buick Car Club of Australia, the Buick Club of Norway and the Buick Club of Germany.

For those thinking about restoring a 1920's era Buick you may want to check out the Buick Club of America forums where you can get a lot of questions answered by vintage Buick owners and possibly find sources for old parts.

(Article and photos copyright 2015 Auto Museum Online)

 

 

Nicely Restored 1926 Ford Model TT Pickup / Photos, Model History

The vehicle featured in this article is a 1926 Ford Model TT Pickup Truck. Ford sold the Model TT truck for the last ten years of Model T production. Interestingly enough, Ford tried to get a truck version sold twice prior to 1917. Both times the concept failed to catch on. Finally, the aftermarket builders led the way to make these vehicles popular with farmers and haulers.

1926 ford model tt pickup

1926 Ford Model TT Pickup

The Ford Model TT essentially replaced the horse and wagon. In fact, the period of the teens were very interesting culture wise. Many people found themselves having to choose between the automobile and the horse. You may think that this would be an easy decision to make, and for some it probably was, but this era ushered in the most radical change in transportation for millions of people. Some automobile promoters tried to show that the upkeep of an automobile was less than a stable of horses.

It's been said many times that Henry Ford was reluctant to make changes to his automobiles. This was the fact even when Ford's competitors such as GM would make what they believed were positive changes to their line. In this regard, 1926 was a pivotal model year.

Changes During the 1920's

Ford Model T sales were losing steam during the middle of the 1920's. Because of this they announced that their would be an "improved Ford" for the 1926 model year.

Some of the new changes Ford made were a new nickel plated radiator shell, wire wheels, wire wheels and a vacuum operated windshield wiper. Probably the biggest change Ford made in 1926 was the availability of several colors to choose from. For the past twelve years all Ford Model T's were painted black. This was the first major change Ford made since 1917.

The 1917 Model TT chassis was 25 inches longer than the standard Model T.

ford 20 hp engine

Standard Ford 20 HP engine

Chassis Only

Just the same as the Ford Model T, the Model TT Truck was originally sold as a chassis and engine only. The chassis was built heavy duty compared to the regular Model T.

In 1917 this cost the buyer about $600. The buyer would take the chassis and engine to a body builder who would construct the cab and bed. Each one of these trucks were essentially a unique piece of work. There were a variety of standard plans but the fact was that a buyer could have a truck body built to personal specifications. Where the owner resided and for what exact purpose the Model TT was needed might dictate wood body plans.

Many Ford Model T's had bodies built to serve as depot hacks. These were the first taxi cabs and during the 1920's the depot hacks would typically transport people between hotels and train stations, luggage and all.

It would not be until 1924 that Ford would sell the Model TT with a factory manufactured body. They named this model "Express" and it became a popular seller. It's interesting to note that by 1924 the price of the Model TT dropped to about $325.

Modifications were many, some were the result of here you happened to live. In the north some of these were built with skis on the front end. Wreckers were built as well as Model TT's with tandem axles and dual rear wheels.

The Ford Motor Company sold about 13 million Model TT's from 1917 to 1927.

1926 Ford Model TT Specifications

The particular specifications for our featured restored1926 Ford Model TT Pickup is as follows. This truck has a standard Model T 20 HP engine.

The Model TT weighed several hundred pounds more than the regular Model T automobile. The Model TT's were built to haul freight of various weights and had heavy duty chassis'. The Model TT's were rated at one ton. This made the Model TT a slower vehicle with a typical speed of 20 to perhaps 24 MPH.

ford model tt cab

Cab of 1926 Ford Model TT

The gearbox offers high and low drive with no clutch.

The rear axle of Ford's Model TT had a worm drive. This is a screw like gear arrangement that meshed with a worm wheel. The axes are 90 degrees to each other.

This 1926 Model TT has a wood body.

Brakes are rear only cable operated. No front brakes.

Suspension for the Model TT differed from that of the Model T. The Model TT truck was built with twin rear leaf springs. The Model T automobile was typically built with only one set of cross beam leaf springs at both ends of the automobile.

This 1926 Model TT has a wood body and original mechanics.

See the Auto Museum Online articles on the links below...

Restored 1914 Model T Depot Hack

The Taxi Cab / Early Taxi Manufacturers

Model T Serial Numbers and Registering Antique Vehicles

 1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan

ford model tt one ton pickupFord Model TT Collector Vehicles

Original restored Ford Model TT's are popular with car collectors. There may not be any other vehicle that came in so many different styles, everything from depot hacks to pickups to flat bed haulers.

Because of the different styles and degree of restoration and general condition, asking prices for a Ford Model TT are all over the place. Most antique car and truck price guides give a range of $3,000 to $27,000. The top prices are for fully restored original show quality models.

(Article and photos copyright 2015 Auto Museum Online)

 

1924 Ford Model T Hydrogen Turbo-T

The vehicle featured in this article is a unique one. Here is a 1924 Ford Model T Depot Hack that is powered by hydrogen and natural gas, either separately or in combination. As explained below, this vehicle is also capable of burning several other fuels.

ford depot hack

Hydrogen powered Ford Depot Hack

Model T Depot Hacks

The Ford Model T of course was an automobile icon which was in production for almost twenty years. During this time about 15 million were produced. The Depot Hack’s were designed to transport people between train stations or between train stations and hotels and resorts. As the railroads expanded across the country it became the primary mode of transportation for people who had to travel any measurable distance. The original depot hacks were horse-drawn wagons with seating to carry the passengers and some room for baggage. Many referred to the motorized versions as “auto buggies”.

The vehicle here was not entirely built by Henry Ford but was converted to these fuels by a man named Ben Jordan. The engine itself is a Ford engine. The only changes to it are the necessary conversions to burn the aforementioned fuel. A turbo-charger was added to provide added power at altitude. Ben Jordan converted the engine in Denver, Colorado which is roughly 5,000 feet above sea level. Automobiles at that altitude are known to lose about one-third of their power.

hydrogen car engine

Modified Ford engine

Ben Jordan

Ben Jordan, in addition to being a pilot during World War Two and then spending 42 years in the U.S. Air Force, set seven land speed records at the Bonneville Salt Flats.

Jordan built his first hydrogen engine in 1932 at sixteen years of age. He spent much of his time converting engines to hydrogen power and did testing at Bonneville. Speed records were attained with Jordan's "Bockscar" at Bonneville powered by hydrogen. The 1924 Ford Model T Depot Hack shown here was dedicated to the San Diego Automobile Museum in 1995.

Gone Racin’...Automobile Dictionary with Lagniappe

Ben Jordan authored a book titled, Gone Racin’...Automobile Dictionary with Lagniappe. The complete name of the book is Ben Jordan’s Automotive Jargon for the Car Owner; from the Shade Tree Mechanic’s Automobile Dictionary with Lagniappe.The book is soft cover 8 ½ by 11 inches with 416 pages. The publisher is Windmill Jouster Books in Denver, Colorado and was printed by Clements Printing, copyrighted in 1995.

Jordan's book covers everything from automobile history to where the industry is headed to the engineering of highways. Lots of editorializing. The book is an automobile dictionary with quite a bit of humorous car jargon. One story in Jordan's book declares that Otto Benz is not the inventor of the internal combustion engine and the father of the automobile in 1885.  Jordan says that honor goes to a Swiss engineer, Isaac de Rivaz, whose patent in 1805 is duly recorded.

1924 Model T Depot Hack Specifications

The specifications for this converted Ford engine are impressive. The four cylinder 176 cubic inch power plant delivered 11 horsepower with hydrogen and 14 using natural gas.

ford model t turbo

In addition to the natural gas and hydrogen fuels, Ben Jordan's converted Ford engine could also burn corn cobs, cow chips, wood, ethanol and methanol. Needless to say, Ben Jordan has never been an advocate of fossil fuels. He felt that all fossil fuels are wasteful and inefficient. He shows how much of the gasoline that we use is not burned in the engine but lost through the exhaust back into the atmosphere as pollution.

As of this writing, there has been many advances regarding alternative energy to power motor vehicles. Tesla and others are producing electric cars and hybrids have been around now for several years. The situation with gasoline is complicated. Gas has been the fuel of choice for motor cars for well over a century. The infrastructure is here and to make changes away from gasoline usage will take time.

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turbo t ford depot hack

Dashboard on the hydrogen powered Ford Depot Hack

As far as gasoline prices are concerned, which has in the past been an issue, gasoline at this writing is far too cheap to cause a widespread cultural driving change. Investment in alternative fuels are alive and well and will continue but it may take a $7 / gal. gas price for private industry to expand the use of fuels such as natural gas, hydrogen and electricity.

As mentioned above, the featured 1924 Ford Depot Hack is unmodified except for the engine modifications regarding the different fuels used.

(Article and photos copyright Auto Museum Online)