The 401 Cubic Inch 1960 Buick Invicta Wagon / Specs, Photos

The automobile featured in this article is a 1960 Buick Invicta Four Door Wagon.

1960 buick invicta wagons

1960 Buick Invicta Wagon

The Buick Invicta model (also referred to as the Buick 4600 Series) was introduced in 1959 replacing the Buick Century.

When the Buick Invicta Wagon came out in 1959 the vehicle received some positive press. Motor Trend magazine named the 59 Buick Invicta Estate Wagon as "The best looking wagon".

The Invicta model had a five year run. The Buick Invicta was positioned in the middle of the 1960 Buick line up. The Invicta was placed between the LeSabre and Electra. The Invicta was a full size automobile with several body styles including two wagons. These were both two and four door station wagons.

1960 Buick Invicta Wagon Design

There were significant design changes with many cars for the 1960 model year. The latter 1950's saw the modernization of most every model along with the aggressive introduction of rear fins. The fins and designs in a lot of cases reflected the nations fascination with the jet age and this was seen in both designs and model names.

The year 1960, and Buick was included in this, was transitional from the big rear fin era of the late 1950s to the smoother lines of the 1960s. The ‘angry’ angled headlights on the Invicta were changed from diagonal to horizontal. The “Delta Wing” fins were kept but they were less extreme, as were the fins on most General Motors cars for the 1960 model year. Inside, the Invicta was equipped with the same features as the basic LeSabre.

1960 buick wagon specs

Delta Wing rear fins

Buick's Station Wagon production was not of the high volume that other GM brands, both Chevrolet and Pontiac produced. In addition, the 1960 Buick wagon bodies were built by the Ionia Manufacturing Company of Owosso Michigan.

This was an independent company that made bodies and trim for the auto industry. The Ionia Manufacturing Company built Buick Wagon bodies from 1946 through 1964.

1950 Buick Invicta Estate Wagon Specifications

The engine in this model is a Buick Nailhead 401 Cubic Inch V-8 with a four barrel carburetor delivering 325 HP. This engine fit well with Buick's reputation of producing performance oriented automobiles.

The engine was referred to as the Nailhead because of it's long, thin-stemmed valves with small diameter heads that resemble vertical rows of nails. This engine is also referred to as the Wildcat 445 which can be confusing. . The 445 represented it's 445 lbs torque.

Transmission is an Turbine Drive automatic two speed. Buick's Turbine Drive transmission had a variable pitch fluid control mechanism that actually replaced gears. A Buick transmission engineer was quoted as saying..."you don't shift gears, you shift a constantly flowing stream of oil ". As a side note, General Motors developed the Triple-Turbine, but dropped it in 1960 as too expensive to produce.

Brakes were four wheel hydraulic drum

The front suspension included independent coil-spring and wishbone stabilizer bar. The rear had an independent trailing link, stabilizer bar, coil springs as well as ,tubular shock absorbers.

Wheelbase is 123.0 inches with an outside overall length of 217.9 inches, width of 80.0 inches and a height of 57.2 inches. Curb weight is estimated at 4,825 lbs.

1960 buick estate wagonU.S. production numbers for the 1960 Buick Invicta model were 45,400 vehicles. Out of that number there were 3,479 Six Passenger Wagons built and 1,600 Nine Passenger Wagons produced.

To give you a perspective of Invicta's production numbers compared to the LaSabre and Electra, the numbers look like this...total LaSabre 1960 production was 152,200 units and the Electra 56,300 units. Overall, Buick had disappointing sales for the 1960 model year. Sales were less than 1959 numbers but some of this was attributed to a steel strike that caused a significant loss of production time.

New car price for the 1960 Buick Station Wagons averaged $3,950.

You may also enjoy the Auto Museum Online articles found on the links below...

The 1958 Ford Ranch Wagon

The 1955 Buick Special

The 1955 Chevy Nomad Wagon

1960 Buick Invicta Wagon Collector Values

The family station wagons of the 1950's and 1960's are cars some of us experienced sometime during our childhood. The Buick Invicta Wagons are rare finds today simply because not a lot of them were produced as mentioned above. Locating parts for a restoration project are available but may not be easy to find.

60 buick invicta photos

60 Invicta dash

As of this writing the average value of a 60 Buick Invicta Four Door Wagon is about $13,000. For those that have been fully restored to pristine condition or are originals in excellent condition the prices average in the $28,000 to $30,000 range. There are of course examples above and below those figures.

Not surprisingly, the highest valued 1960 Buick Invicta model is the convertible. Current top values on it are in the $55,000 area.

Reference material for this article included GM Archives, Collector Cars of America, Hemmings Motor News, BuickV-8.com

(Article and photos copyright Auto Museum Online)

 

Restored 1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan / Photos, Specs

Featured in this article is a nicely restored 1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan. Buick, having established itself as a luxury brand within General Motors, touted the comforts and quality of construction of this five passenger automobile with it's advertising and marketing.

1922 buick sedan

1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan

Buick Offered Style, Comfort, Quality and Performance

Buick targeted this sedan model to those buyers who preferred a closed-in quality automobile with extra room. Enough room to comfortably seat five people as demonstrated by it's extra wide front seat. As a side note, Buick also produced a roomy seven passenger sedan during the 1922 model year. The 1922 Buick Five passenger Sedan also provided tastefully chosen carpet, shades and other interior trimmings.

In an advertisement appearing in a 1929 issue of Ladies Home Journal, Buick claimed that more female drivers preferred Buick over it's competition because it offered not only better dependability but also the ultimate in comfort and a smooth ride. To quote a statement within the ad..." Buick offers the highest standard of motoring comfort ever attained; and this is one vital reason why more women drive Buicks than any other fine car".

buick five passenger sedanThe Early 1920's Auto Industry

The Buick Motor Car Company was founded in 1903 by Scottish industrialist David Dunbar Buick. It was headquartered in Flint, Michigan. Not long after Buick arrived on the scene it was acquired at the beginning of General Motors.

Things were going quite well for automakers during the early 1920's. After a recession in 1920 the economy picked up. Efficient production methods advanced allowing car prices to actually come down.

Beginning in 1925, all Buick models were equipped with six cylinder engines. Buick also is known as the first American automaker to introduce four wheel brakes on mass production models during the 1920's. Another interesting note regarding Buick history is that the 1911 Buick was the first built as a completely enclosed American automobile. Buick beat Ford to this milestone achievement.

1922 Buick Sedan Specifications

The 1922 Buick Five Passenger Sedan was built with a 242 Cubic Inch Inline Six Cylinder engine providing 35 HP.

Power came to the rear wheels via a three speed manual gearbox.

Wheelbase was 118.0 inches. Shipping weight was 3,425 lbs.

New car price for this model in 1922 was about $1,550. Total model production for 1922 was 4,878 units.

The car's serial number is stamped on an oval plate attached to the left side of the frame near the gas tank. Look for the engine number on the upper left side of engine near the carburetor.

See the additional Auto Museum Online articles on the links below...

A Very Rare 1929 Stearns-Knight Luxury Automobile

A Nicely Restored 1940 LaSalle

Locations of Serial Numbers on Classic and Vintage Automobiles

Excellent reading material regarding Buick cars and their history include…The Buick: A Complete History (90th Anniversary Edition) by authors Terry B. Dunham and Lawrence R. Gustin. Also, David Buick’s Marvelous Motor Car: The Men and the Automobile that Launched General Motors (Updated 2013) by author Lawrence R. Gustin.

1922 nuick six cyliner sedan

Large interior both front and back

1920's Buick Collector Cars

Classic and vintage Buick’s have always been popular collector automobiles. Buick’s had a history of good quality and creative designing.

Current valuations for the 1922 Buick Six Cylinder Sedan are in the mid $20,000 range, some higher.  This is for a finely restored model.

Buick produced both four and six cylinder powered automobiles in 1922. The four cylinder Series 30 models appear to have sold at about ten to twenty percent higher than the six cylinder versions.

buick five passenger dashboard

Dashboard on the 22 Buick Sedan

There are also several Buick clubs which work to preserve their classic and vintage vehicles. They include the Buick Club of America with several chapters, the 1929 Silver Anniversary Buick Club, the Buick Car Club of Australia, the Buick Club of Norway and the Buick Club of Germany.

For those thinking about restoring a 1920's era Buick you may want to check out the Buick Club of America forums where you can get a lot of questions answered by vintage Buick owners and possibly find sources for old parts.

(Article and photos copyright 2015 Auto Museum Online)

 

 

Classic 1955 Buick Special Two-Door Sedan / Photos and Specifications

The classic 1955 Buick Special Two Door Sedan featured in this article is a popular collector car. Buick, which fit well between the Chevrolet and Cadillac brands, had an excellent year in 1955 producing 738,814 automobiles. Buick Special models accounted for 381,946 of that amount. To demonstrate just how good those production numbers were, Buick did not surpass them until 1983. That says something. In 1955, Buick was the number 3 automaker behind Chevrolet with 1.7 million cars and Ford with 1.4 million.

1955 buick special

1955 Buick Special

1955 Buick Special Design

An all new body and chassis design for the Buick Special was introduced in 1954 and carried over to 1955. Five different models of the Buick Special were built. The new design of 1954 had it's roots back to a 1952 concept car named the XP--300.

These included a 2-Door Sedan, 4-Door Sedan, Riviera, Convertible and all-steel Estate Wagon. The model had the classic low and wide design along with the classic two-tone paint scheme of the era.The new design included a new Wide-Screen Grille and chrome-capped headlamp along with a swept back tail light.

Some refer to the mid 1950's period as the era of big steel, flashy chrome, and huge white wall tires although the new design of 1954 did not have the same amount of chrome of previous years.

1955 buick special grilleBuick advertised the Special's roominess along with quality Buick upholstery.

Following is how Buick described their interiors..."Each model of the SPECIAL Series gives you big Buick spaciousness and big Buick quality. Seats are deep and soft and  wide enough for three to sit abreast in perfect comfort. Interiors are upholstered in smart Nylon and Cordaveen with Buick's new embossed trim styling throughout."

Buick Nailhead V-8

Buick's first generation of V8 was offered from 1953 through 1956. This was the Nailhead V-8 similar to Oldsmobile's new Rocket 88. The Nailhead name came about as the engine's valve stems were quite long with a relatively small head.

The engine would be improved again for 1955 with added power. Buick advertised their 1955 V-8 as follows...The lightest of all V8 engines with the same power output -- for better balance to the car's total weight, with improved steering, handling and performance."

The second generation of Buick's Nailhead engine came out in 1957. The Nailhead was increased to 425 cubic inches in 1963 and continued as such for another three years.

1955 Buick Special Specifications

Stock engine for the 1955 Buick Special was a 264 cubic inch V-8. The engine delivered 188 horsepower. The engines in Buick's Roadmaster, Century and Super series models put out 236 horsepower.

Transmissions available were a three speed manual and a variable pitch Dynaflow automatic. The automatic was standard on the Roadmaster models and optional on all others. The three speed synchromesh manual was standard equipment through 1958.

buick special sedanBrakes were four wheel hydraulic drum. Options included improved power brakes and power steering.

Wheelbase was 122.0 inches, the same as with the 1954 model. Overall outside length was 206.6  inches. Weight was about 3,700 lbs.

Air conditioning was an option with the four door sedan and Riviera models.

You may also enjoy the additional Auto Museum Online articles on the links below...

Serial Number Decodings on a Select List of Classic Cars

A Modified 1972 Buick Riviera Boattail

1940 Buick Special Two Door Sport Coupe

1955 Olds Rocket 88

1955 Buick Special Collector Car

The mid 1950's Buick Special remains a popular collector car. The car's attractive design is a good representation of 1950's modernization.

1955 buick special two door sedan

55 Buick Special dashboard

As of this writing, the range of asking prices for 1955 Buick Specials might run from $14,000 up to $60,000 plus.

The lower end vehicles would all be in running condition with some restoration. The high end prices would be for newer restorations, plenty of originality and in some cases show quality.

As a side note, because of the high production numbers for 1954 through 1956, locating an original Nailhead V-8 engine for a restoration might not be too difficult. Most mechanical parts for these series of Buicks are available as reproductions. Trim materials and panels will take a bit of searching.

Reference material from GM and Buick Archives.

(Article and photos copyright 2015 Auto Museum Online)